Short story : Time and location is 1947 Finland, Tampere. There was an ambitious and exciting aviation club, Tampereen Ilmailuyhdistys (TIY Ry) seeking good sailplane for their club flying. They set their eyes to WWS.1 Salamander they have seen with their more southern colleagues, PIK. They tried to obtain plans for it but were not so successful. I have read some comments that the plans were too expensive, but who knows.
This small obstacle did not stop TIY. They decided to design an plane inspired by Salamander. And name it as Sisilisko, which is almost directly translated Salamander to finnish. Chief designer was Paavo Järvenpää. Building started same year and was completed 1950. Only one plane was built. Design proved to be great flyer. Fun fact : there is also some links between Salamandra and PIK-5a, but this too long story to put here.
In year 1961, after many flights plane was sold to Jyväskylä. Then after some time it came back. After restoration it spent some time in display at Vapriikki @ Tampere. Then back to storage, Now it is time to take it out of storage and start planning for putting it to display. Again.
I have participated in Pirkanmaa Ilmailuhistoriallinen Seura Ry (PIHIS, Pirkanmaa Aviation Historical Society) projects before (see this then this and finally this). When I heard of this project I knew that I simply must participate it. First step is to get plane out of long term storage. Weather was cold and windy, but plane itself is in good shape. Properly packed in bubble wrap. Which caused some limitations for photography, but still this is great stuff. Actually I had never seen this plane in real life and only seen couple bw-photos of it. So orange colour was real surprise.
We moved plane from one storage to another for further study. I trust that this is really good progress and I am aware of further planning of new location. Hopefully it will find nice home like the PIK-12.
I will keep you updated on further developments, meanwhile some pics below.
Some further reading :
Here is an nifty and nice small waterplane. It was originally built as ambifious plane but due weight considerations wheels were removed. For further info see here.
There is an really nice Gluhareff S-22 -project at Retroplane.net . This has been really worth following, as the build is really impressive, title pic lifted from thread. Also, I noted that there is flight video of S-22 (and Airspeed Tern) at slope. This is actually S-22 returning to it’s roots as originally S-22 completed only slope flights. So this is quite something. For more reading of S-22 see here and here. I have to admit that I had never dreamed seeing S-22 in slope and I am rather pleased to see how well it seems to cope with brutal seawind. Really nice and smooth!
Build in France is really apropriate anyway as S-22 was co-designed with Boris Adaridi who emigrated to Paris, France.
Original S-22 preparing for slope flights.
Here are couple old pics of Kessel 12A (id 13) which was waiting for it’s restoration. Plane completed restoration and is currently hanging from ceiling of main hall. For short article of plane see here.
Another PIK-7 Harakka II got it’s maiden some time ago. For rather nice video see below.
This marks really interesting milestone as normally large scale gliders are being aerotowed up or flown at slope. This is the first time I have seen successful winch launch and it is slightly hair raising. But then again, originally Harakka’s were bungee launched from slope or car-towed. So this video presents Harakka returning to it’s origins.
Here is nice vintage video of one of original Harakka’s being auto-towed. You must fast-forward to approx 2:00.
VL Sääski is one of my all-time-favourite Finnish biplanes. It has simple, yet sleek lines and it looks rather light. Name Sääski comes from finnish, meaning mosquito. This post contains pics from three sources listed below and it is extremely long. It is not really walk-around, it is 3x walk-arounds. Great.
VL Sääski was designed in 1928 (see Wiki here). You can see original sales- & information material at finnish national digital archives. It was originally built in float, ski and wheel variants. Only surviving examples are float ones and to mu knowledge there are no plans around for wheel version.
To the actual VL Sääskis. One should note that there is an VL Sääski at Nors Luftfartsmuseum @ Bodø, Norway. It’s replica and the story behind (and it’s owner) is intriguing.
First, you should visit Maritime Centre Vellamo @ Kotka. It ia incredibly nice maritime history museum containing among other things seaplanes. They have VL Sääski in maritime customs livery hanging from ceiling, id LK-1. This is so nice…
Second, you should Aviation Museum @ Vantaa.
They have VL Sääski at display, bearing identification SÄ-122.
Last, but not least
Some years ago, I was visiting Vesivehmaa Aviation museum, obviously @ Vesivehmaa. They had some VL Sääski wings in rather derelict mode in one corner of museum.
Now with better time I have been tuning my processes for better scans. For mini-review of scanner see here. This is continuation article of that mini-review, but these comments apply also to any scanner.
1. First, if plan is really vintage, try ‘Document type : Grayscale CAD/map’ instead of normal colour. For example, see below:
This is rather counter-intuitive, but idea is to let scanner do automatic removal of yellowish tint. It performs rather nicely.
2. Do not use high resolution.
Changing resolution from normal (300) to fine (600) dpi creates rather large files and makes things much more complicated. Using 600dpi resolution creates A1-scans of PDF-size 16mb. And if you open that file and make some changes you end up with 200+ mb workspace and 150mb files. Which are just too much. Using 300dpi has enough resolution for normal model aeroplane plans.
3. Use backing paper if plan is really fragile.
Use normal A0/A1-roll paper as backing if plan is almost schreds. Just tape leading edge of plan to paper with small pieces of tape (3M Magic Scotch). Note that use as small amount of tape as possible and only on leading edge. By leading edge I mean the edge which goes into scanner.
4. If plan is vintage drafting paper then do following
- scanner can do wonders with yellow tint removal, but it cannot help translucent drafting paper hue. You can try to use backing paper to make effect smaller, but it does not work well enough
- Get adobe photoshop, elements is just fine and use Levels-tool. Move white end from right side to the left part of black curve. See below.
And then you get much more clear plan.
The plan in question and further info of this nice -30’s biplane can be found here.
Here is an classic Finnish biplane. It is an Finnish trainer aircraft designed and built in 1930’s. Approx 31 was built and this example is nicely preserved in Ilmailumuseo at Vantaa. For more planes at Ilmailumuseo check corresponding tags on right pane (–>). Walk-around pics of original, for model aeroplane plan see below.
For extremely rare vintage plan of this plane see here (51mb file). Preview below.
I went through old pics in my archives and stumbled on pics of separate Tuisku wing which was hanging on Ilmailumuseo wall. It is partially covered so you can see internals of wing.
I have always been struggling with finding original aeroplane plans. Normally you do not find them despite that almost everyone at field and in events says ‘yeah you just go there, plans are there’. Typically I get comments like ‘yeah I saw the plans there in seventies, they must be still there’. Once I found out that the building where they were supposed to be had been demoslished decade ago.
Anyway, the key question is getting the plan. Then second question is to get plan in electronic form. ie. to scan it. You can get that service from printshops but there are couple issues. a) it is expensive, typical cost for scanning full size plane plans is around 200-300€. b) those printshops do not concentrate when they scan plans. They do not worry things like scale, is paper straight, …. Producing scans which are not optimal.
To solve this issue I have been dreaming of getting own full size scanner. They are really expensive and large, requiring storage space. But all this has now changed. Contex introduced slightly smaller unit couple years ago and the price is not totally out of reach. Product was named Contex SD One, then upgraded to SD One+ and finally SD One MF. Scanner comes in three sizes 24″, 36″ and 44″ with 36″ corresponding A0-roll size. Colortrac introduced similar model. Contex SD One MF model has also large screen allowing non-tethered use and scanning to network and usb stick. This is actually quite important as it reduces amount of stuff needed to make scans.
Couple months ago I decided to purchase Contex SD One 36″ MF. Main reason is to be able to make scans of original plans to allow more precise models. Also I want to get full control of workflow eliminating printshops and the errors they seem to cause. Scanning is obviously more economical per page, but the cost of scanner itself is still huge for hobby company. Being portable allows me to drag scanner to museums and make scans there. Also it allows me to store scanner away when not used.
Scanner arrived couple days ago. Packaging is rather large as axpected, unit weighs approx 12kg so it is not lightweight. When setting scanner up I noticed that the scanner activation key was incorrect. It was key for some other scanner as the serial number and model was incorrect. Also, I simply do not understand why this activation was necessary. Quick call to local Contex representative and couple days wait solved this issue with new activation key. One should note that you can use scanner which has not been activated, there is 50h usage limit and I do not know what happens if that is exceeded. While setting scanner up I noticed that it kept hanging up occasionally. I guess that this was caused by factory installed firmware version, 4.0.1-002. I updated firmware to 4.0.1-010 which can be found at Contex website. Updating was straightforward and painless procedure.
User interface of scanner is rather nice. There are no keys in scanner and everything is done via rather large touchscreen which is extremely responsive. I could enjoy better contrast, but all in all screen is great. Also there are limited editing possibilities (preview, adjust, crop and annotate, contrast, color, …) via screen, which I have not tried. Update 2018-02-20 : I have tried editing functions and they actually work rather well. But they are slow.
Then to scanning. First I noticed that this scanner produces really nice looking files. I tried several settings and quickly landed to rather nice set of settings for typical plans. I wanted to get rid of yellow tint and get reasonable resolution. Scanning is quite fast with these settings, I have not clocked it but I have no reason to suspect advertised speed of 4.8cm/s. My selected settings are :
- Quality : normal (300) or fine (600) dpi
- Document type : Grayscale CAD/map
- Validation : no
- Size : auto
- Format : PDF. Using TIFF creates rather large files but it might be usable in special cases. For jpg files you can specify compression, default is 80.
I have made several scans but still I am experimenting. To see example of typical resulst check this link. It is an F1A0-glider Salko. Designer is unknown, but if somebody knows him pls let me know it as I want to credit him for great looking plan.
You can output scanned files to several locations, but there is an major gripe regarding cloud destinations.
- USB – scan is output to memory stick, works great. Update 2018-02-20 : However – I have experimented using small portable hard drives with USB-connection. This does not seem to work reliably, even if the drive functions properly with PC. I suspect that the current requirements of drive’s are more than scanner circuit can produce. With couple drives some work, some not. And those which work do not work reliably. USB interface in scanner supports USB 3.0 specification and complains if you try to use USB2 memory. Documentation does not state maximum size of memory stick.
- Email – scan to defined address or addresses, works great
- PC – scan file to PC, you need to install Contex.LINK application to pc. Pls. note that scanner is connected to PC via LAN/Wifi. Ie. USB connection is not used. Actually this is great as it allows much more freedom in cabling etc. Then again, in sites where you have no connection to network it is not so great as then there is no connection. Using memory stick removes that problem.
- Dropbox, Box, Google Drive, OneDrive. These destinations require installing Contex.LINK to PC. This has been implemented in such way that scanner outputs scan to PC which then relays scan to cloud destinations. This is not nice as the whole idea of scanning directly to cloud is … compromised. I tried Dropbox and it seems to work nice, but I still wonder that is the PC really necessary. IMHO this is kludge. All in all, it works.
- Rainforest365 – this is some kind of cloud teamwork sharing site/app in IOS & Android which is currently in beta so cannot say more about it.
Manual also mentions that you could use USB connection to link PC and scanner using third party application. I think that this is unnecessary, as I am not aware of any applications utilizing it. For example the well known scanning solution Vuescan by Hamrick does not list any Contex scanners on their supported scanners page.
One thing notably missing is the ability to scan directly to network drive (ie. NAS or similar). I suspect that one could try to define scanning directory in PC which is really an NAS directory visible from PC. Again this is not nice approach as the PC is unnecessary element.
One thing worth mentioning is that scanner can also do copying. This is done by first scanning material and then automaticly outputting file via defined large format printer. This seems to be nicely implemented but I have not (yet) tried it.
Regarding network in general, scanner can be connected to normal LAN using cabling or Wifi with supplied Wifi-USB-dongle. This works nicely.
- Scanner produces great looking scans and it is quite fast.
- Connectivity is great, but cloud scanning seems to be somewhat kludge.
- Scanner is large, but given the paper size is quite compact
All in all : rather nice scanner producing good results.
For next episode of this mini-review see ‘getting better results with vintage plans.’.
(pls. note that I am in no way affiliated with Contex or their local distributor www.tulostintavaratalo.fi)